“他们进会幕……必用水洗濯，免得死亡。” – 出 30:20
出埃及记25-31章记载了神设立会幕作为敬拜场所的相关指示。会幕的三个主要部份提醒人们宇宙具有的三个基本层次（按照当时的理解）。外院代表大地——旱地和海洋。人们可以在那里的盆或“海”中洗濯（见王上 7:23-28），这提醒人们神曾实施拯救使他们过了红海。圣所是会幕内的一个房间，代表天。会幕内的另一个房间是至圣所，代表神在最高的天上的宝座。从本质上讲，天地在会幕中融为一体。这也是被更新的世界的模型，神将再次来临，与祂的子民同住（启 21-22章）。
出埃及记 29:4-9; 30:17-21
Worship, Worldview, And Water
“Whenever they enter the tent of meeting, they shall wash with water so that they will not die.” – Exodus 30:20
After Israel had spent over 400 years in Egypt, God’s biggest task was not so much to get the people out of Egypt but to get Egypt out of the people. They needed to worship God and learn a different view of the world so that they could share God’s blessings with the world. And God used water to get them started.
God’s instructions for setting up the tabernacle as a place of worship are in Exodus 25-31. The three main parts of the tabernacle reminded the people of the three basic levels of the cosmos (as understood in that day). The outer courtyard represented the earth—its dry land and sea. There people would wash in the basin, or “sea” (see 1 Kings 7:23-28), and be reminded that God had rescued them through the Red Sea. The Holy Place, a room inside the tent, represented the heavens. Another room, further inside, was the Most Holy Place, representing God’s throne room in the highest heaven. In essence, heaven and earth came together in the tabernacle. And this served as a model of the renewed world where God will come to live with his people again (Revelation 21-22).
God wants humans to work with him in renewing the world, so he gave priests to Israel as a sort of renewed humanity, symbolically cleansed of sin and anointed for God’s work. The role of the priest, purified by water and wearing royal robes, reminded God’s people that they were created in his image.
Lord, guide us to serve you and to share your goodness and love with everyone. Amen.